The encoded information is stored - as you well know - in the DNA molecules inside the nucleus of a cell
(OK, a little side note is necessary...
According to the latest research in Cosmology, the universe is made up of 25% of matter and energy, the other 75% of "dark matter" and "dark energy". Dark matter is not matter that does not radiate; it's unknown matter.... Dark matter is supposed to exert a repelling force !!! This hypothesis is developed to explain the finding that --- for an unknown reason --- that the rate of expansion of the universe is accellerating.
Let's us not concern ourself with these strange "dark matter" or "dark energy" for now and stay with what we do know...)
|All grass is green|
|Las hierbas son verdes|
Strictly speaking, NO.
The information may be recorded with matter, but matter alone is not information.
For example, the following piece of matter is NOT information because you don't understand it:
Certainly not, the piece of text containing the information that "All grass is green" does not have any activity that we associate with energy.
Experts in Information Theory defines 5 LEVELS of Information:
|Transmitter||Level of information||Receiver|
|Level 1||Transmitted signal||Statistics||Received signal|
|Level 2||Transmission using a code||Syntax||Decode signal|
|Level 3||Express an idea/thought||Semantics||Understand idea/meaning|
|Level 4||Expess a command/action||Pragmatics||Understand command and able to perform action|
|Level 5||Express intended results||Apobetics||Achieve aim|
To process the information at a higher level, more intelligence will be needed.
|Las hierbas son verdes|
|SUBJECT ACTION OBJECT|
Such rules is called a "syntax rule"
Semantical information not only has structure, but also meaning (and it is thus more complex)
Notice that INFORMATION is always sent from some sender to some receiver (receiver can be the sender himself, e.g., class notes)
The intended meaning of this particular information is to bring the receiver to the sender
Pragmatics does not only have meaning, it requires mechanisms to carry out the meaning (and it is thus a higher form of information).
|When you (the sender) inserted the right amount of change and press "Coke", the dispensing machine (receiver) will release a can of Coke.|
|All pragmatical information systems that exist in this world have ALL been designed by Intelligent Beings (humans)|
Illustrate with some examples:
|In order for a sender and a receiver to EXCHANGE information, it is ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY to define a CODE|
|In order for a sender and a receiver to EXCHANGE information, it is ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY that the sender and receiver USE THE SAME CODE|
|... --- ...||S O S|
ASCII American Standard Code of Information Interchange
00000000 NUL 00000001 SOH 00000010 STX 00000011 ETX 00000100 EOT 00000101 ENQ 00000110 ACK 00000111 BEL 00001000 BS 00001001 HT 00001010 NL 00001011 VT 00001100 NP 00001101 CR 00001110 SO 00001111 SI 00010000 DLE 00010001 DC1 00010010 DC2 00010011 DC3 .... 00110000 0 00110001 1 00110010 2 00110011 3 (numbers) 00110100 4 00110101 5 00110110 6 00110111 7 00111000 8 00111001 9 .... ... ... 01000001 A 01000001 B 01000010 C (letters) .....
I will summarize what they have found below.
Note that the information of life is stored inside the DNA of a living cell !!!
There are 4 letters in the alphabet of life:
which that the basic chemical compounds that make up the DNA (see click here )
The words of life or "codons" are made of exactly 3 "letters of life"
Each group of 3 "letters of life" corresponds to one amino-acid in the following manner:
The following figure compares the ways that one computer communicates with another computer and the nucleus of a cell communicates with the ribosome of the cell
Recall that the ribosome is the "protein production" place in the cell: Click here
Every gene (sequence of codon) encodes the instructions to make a specific protein that the cell needs to function.
Just recently, scientists discovers another code embedded in the genetic code: "The second code, superimposed on the first, sets the placement of the nucleosomes, miniature protein spools around which the DNA is looped. The spools both protect and control access to the DNA itself."
It's like a puzzle inside a puzzle... and to think a random process has created this engenius encoding and the huge amount of information (instructions to manufacture proteins)... yeah right... (See: click here)
Compare the way that one computer communicates with another, and the way that the nucleus of the cell communicates with the ribosome.
Do you believe that this system
If the analogy of two phenomenon are very close and striking
while at the same time,
the cause of ONE of the phenomenon is very obvious;
it becomes scaresely possible to refuse to admit the action of
an analogous cause in the other phenomenon,
though (the cause of the other phenomenon is)
not so obvious in itself"
--- in "Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy", London, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1831, page 149.
then one has to AT LEAST stop and wonder whether some intelligent being has designed the genetic code and made the communication system between the nucleus and its ribosomes....
Although this is not a conclusive proof of the existence of God, it should AT LEAST make one STOP and THINK about the possibility of the existence of God....
"The optimism of the 1950s is gone.
The mood at the 1999 International Conference on Origin of Life was described as grim - full of frustration, pessimism and desperation"
Read here an interesting conversation that reporter Walter Caylor had (in 2000) with a molecular biologist. It is interesting and shocking to hear what experts in genetic research are saying about the genetic codes: click here - I made a copy on my local hard drive, the original copy of the column can be found here: click here
Antony Flew had been an atheist all his life and was a very prominant defender of the atheist "faith". At age 81, he is now convinced that the complex information found in the DNA of cells can't be there by "accident". Some higher intelligence had put the information there...
ABC news' story: click here
The argument that a Higher Intelligence had created the information inside the cell is so convincing that a scientific journal had published the following peer-reviewed paper (i.e., it passed 3 highly respected scientists scrutiny). However, the editor in charge of the science journal is in deep trouble... His career is down the drain because he allowed the publication...
The scientific paper is here: Click here
News about the fate of the editor is here: Click here
Reaction of some evolutionist to this scientific article: Click here