New Testament Apostolic Lists
|Matt 10:2||Mark 3:16||Luke 6:14||Acts 1:13|
|James son of Alphaeus||James son of Alphaeus||James son of Alphaeus||James son of Alphaeus|
|James son of Zebedee||James son of Zebedee||James||James|
|Judas Iscariot||Judas Iscariot||Judas Iscariot||(not named)|
|Simon (who is called Peter)||Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter)||Simon (whom he named Peter)||Peter|
|Simon the Zealot||Simon the Zealot||Simon who was called the Zealot||Simon the Zealot|
|Thaddaeus||Thaddaeus||Judas son of James||Judas son of James|
James was the brother of John, the disciple "that Jesus loved".
Yep... James' head was cut...
John was one of the few disciples that did not die a cruel death, but of "old age".
(Paul was a Roman citizen can cannot be crucified but got an "easier" death sentence)
According to Mat 10:3 (KJV): Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus.... Thaddaeus is also known as Lebbaeus.
Meanwhile, in the case of those who were denounced to me as Christians,
I have observed the following procedure: I interrogated these as
to whether they were Christians; those who confessed I interrogated
a second and a third time, threatening them with punishment;
those who persisted I ordered executed. For I had no doubt that,
whatever the nature of their creed, stubbornness and inflexible
obstinacy surely deserve to be punished. There were others possessed
of the same folly; but because they were Roman citizens,
I signed an order for them to be transferred to Rome.
(A letter from Pliny to Trajan)
In fact, Christianity was NOT spread by Jesus, but by these disciples... They willingly went out to tell about Jesus' resurrection while putting their life on the line.
It should not be surprising that Jesus' own brothers would not believe - imagine growing up with Jesus and one day, your brother claims to be the Son of God... Tough sell...
Festus was now dead, and Albinus was but upon the road; so he assembled the sanhedrim of judges, and brought before them the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James, and some others, [or, some of his companions]; and when he had formed an accusation against them as breakers of the law, he delivered them to be stoned...
(Note that Josephus was not a Christian and his work was mainly to write about Jewish history - his mentioning of Jesus and James affirms the historicity of Jesus and James as actual persons in history)
Yep, if you see someone back alive after seeing Him die and be buried, the event can really change your mind about Him...
According to his own words, Jesus appeared to Him on the way to Damascus (to round up Christians - see Acts, Chapter 9) and his life is no longer the same.
His belief in Jesus was backed by his martyrdom in Rome (he was decapitated) - that's quite a turn around: from someone who could not care less about Christians to someone who would give up his own life for the belief....
The only explanation is that Paul did see Jesus on that road to Damascus...